European Corridor Berlin-Warsaw

Station areas and barriers, borders, peri­phe­ries and centra­li­ties between Berlin and Warsaw
Universität Kassel
apl. Prof. Dr.-Ing. Harald Kegler
Dr. Arvid Krüger
Fachbereich Architektur, Stadtplanung, Landschaftsplanung

For this project, the Berlin-Warsaw area will be taken into consi­de­ra­tion. It is a trans-Euro­pean corridor, along the route there are places with very diffe­rent charac­te­ris­tics, which are to be consi­dered exem­plary as possible border­line cities (a possible thematic deli­mi­ta­tion is made at the begin­ning of the project):

    • Warsaw-Praga is the eastern side of the Vistula, the unde­s­troyed Warsaw with a special station area. At the same time, this district is a possible site for an IBA.
    • Poznan is the capital of the province „Greater Poland“, which was both the nucleus of the old Piast king­doms and a long-stan­ding Prus­sian province. The railway station will be deve­loped into a central anchor in the city region.
    • Kostrzyn was an old Prus­sian fort­ress town, which was almost comple­tely destroyed in World War II. In GDR times, the former district of Kietz became a village with almost 1000 inha­bi­tants on the insur­moun­table river border. The old town island with the fort­ress came to an even more isolated border loca­tion and was not rebuilt. Today, Kostrzyn is the end point of a suburban urban-rural railway line that runs to the Berlin Ostkreuz. At the same time, the city is the German star­ting point of the B1, the old impe­rial road from Königs­berg via Berlin to Aachen
    • Frank­furt (Oder) is one of those cities which today have both a German and a Polish part (Slubice). As a univer­sity city it supplies the needs of Berlin, as a border city the univer­sity there is a Euro­pean Univer­sity (Viadrina). Today the Euro­city trains cross the Oder bridge here. Although the tram provides access to the Euro­pean Univer­sity Campus, it was not taken to Slubice after a citi­zens‘ decision (2006). At the same time there is an artists‘ initia­tive in the border region called „Nova Amerika“, which has expli­citly made the border region its theme.
    • Fürs­ten­walde was the place where reloading was necessary: the Berlin Spree was no longer navigable from here to the east. Today the city marks an invi­sible border, namely that of the exurbs – between those Bran­den­burg commu­nities close to Berlin that profit from the growth of the city as a suburban area and those commu­nities far from Berlin that do not.

Within the corridor, each of these cities/​urban districts marks certain bounda­ries where the character of the region changes further west or east. What urban deve­lo­p­ment policy chal­lenges exist there, and how do the actors attempt to deal with these chal­lenges? A central role is played by the railway stations or station surroun­dings, which are the urban deve­lo­p­mental crystal­liz­a­tion points where the cros­sing of borders becomes possible. These areas are the focus of the project.